Birdoswald Solea No. 18

In the 2nd half of the 3rd century AD fashion went somewhat wild when it came to soleae. The small toe area gets extremely exaggerated, the sole shape becoming almost triangular. This is a reproduction of a find from Birdoswald Roman Fort on Hadrian's Wall. As with the London Solea the sole consists of only one layer except for the heel area, which is strengthened by a second layer and edge nailing. The upper side is decorated by tooling. This type of sandal continued to be in use well into the 4th century.


  • Wilmott, T. Birdoswald: Excavations of a Roman fort on Hadrian's Wall and its successor settlements, 1987-1992.  English Heritage 1999.